The prevalence of FGM/C among women aged 15–49 in Yemen is 18.5%.
75.4% of women aged 15–49 believe that FGM should be discontinued.
The governorates of Yemen with the highest prevalence are in the east of the country, particularly Al-Mhrah and Hadramout
83.8% of women who have had FGM/C were cut in the first week after birth
‘Cut, flesh removed’ is the most common type of FGM/C practised
92.8% of women aged 15–49 were cut by traditional practitioners
Distribution of FGM/C across Yemen
Two of Yemen’s governorates (Al-Mhrah and Hadramout) have an FGM/C prevalence of 80% or higher, and both are in the far east of the country. Prevalence at the governorate level ranges from less than 1% (Al-Baidha, Al-Jawf, Sana’a, Al-Mhweit and Aldhalae) to 84.7% (Al-Mhrah). It should be noted that some of the data at governorate level is based on a small number of women and should be interpreted with caution.
There is little difference between the prevalence in urban (17.1%) and rural (19.2%) areas. Women with no formal education or only a basic education are more likely to have been cut than women with a secondary or higher level of education.
Women in the lowest wealth quintile are more likely to have been cut (26.5%) than those in the highest wealth quintile (14%). However, across the five wealth quintiles there is not a straightforward trend.
Trends in FGM/C Prevalence in Yemen
Measurements of FGM/C prevalence prior to 2013 were restricted to women who had been married at any time, meaning that a direct comparison cannot be made. However, breaking down the most recent data by age group shows that the prevalence among women aged 45–49 is 22.8%, while among the youngest age group this has fallen to 16.4%. Despite the fact that a small proportion of women may be cut after the age of 15, the data suggests a trend towards less frequent cutting among younger women.
FGM/C Legislation in Yemen
There is currently no national legislation in Yemen that specifically criminalises and punishes the practice of FGM/C. In April 2014 a child rights bill was proposed to ban FGM/C and include prison sentences and fines for offenders. It was submitted for ministerial review; however, the bill is still reportedly pending a decision.
30,540,841 (as at 29 July 2020), with a 2.04% growth rate (2020 est.)
42.9 deaths per 1,000 live births (2019)
164 deaths per 100,000 live births (2017)
SDG Gender Index
Ranked 142 out of 144 countries with a score of 39.3% (2022)