FGM/C is prevalent among some diaspora communities in Canada and the USA.
Anti-FGM/C legislation has been passed in both Canada (1997) and the USA (1996). A 2012 report estimated that 513,000 girls and women in the USA were at risk of FGM/C or its consequences. The number of women and girls at risk of FGM varies widely across the States. (Source: Population Reference Bureau, 2013.)
Available data suggest that the highest prevalence of FGM/C in the United States is in the states of Washington, California, Texas, Wisconsin, New York, Virginia, New Jersey and Washington D.C.
Many of the communities who practice FGM/C in North America are African diaspora from Somalia, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan.
FGM/C is illegal in the United States and Canada.
Lack of Data
There is limited current data on prevalence and the number of girls at risk in North America.