Lead Author: OZER Ozgur
Published by: Taylor and Francis
Year published: 2023

Objectives: This study aimed to identify associated factors for postpartum depression (PPD) among women with female genital mutilation (FGM) in Somalia.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between February and May 2021 in Somalia Mogadishu–Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan Training and Research Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia. Mothers with any known chronic disease, or psychiatric disorders and who refused to participate were excluded from the study. The cutoff point for depression was defined as >13 points according to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.

Results: Out of 446 postpartum mothers, 267 (59.9%) had increased depressive symptoms in the early postpartum period. PPD scale scores of mothers who were very poor were significantly higher depression scores than their counterparts (p<002). Education level, place of residence, occupational status, number of children, type of FGM, and the presence of perineal tear did not differ significantly between depressed and non-depressed groups.

Conclusions: Women with FGM had increased depressive symptoms in the early postpartum period in Somalia. In addition, women who had lower income had higher PPD scores than their counterparts. Further studies are needed to develop a deeper understanding of the relationships between FGM and PPD and its causes.