Background: Despite the high prevalence of female genital mutilation in many settings and the health consequences associated with it, many healthcare providers have limited knowledge of female genital mutilation and limited skills for preventing and managing related complications. With Knowledge of this Important matter aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of TOT workshops on the knowledge and skills of social workers working with girls and women affected by FGM.
Methods: To demonstrate the findings, a quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pre and post-assessment. There were 44 participants who worked with FGM victims across Iraqi Kurdistan. Socio-demographic details of the participants who have collected knowledge on psychosexual and physical care, psychosexual skills, and referral programs were assessed using a continuum scale of 0 to 4. Descriptive and inferential statistics were carried out for the analysis.
Results: The results showed that participants' knowledge and skills improved in relation to psychosexual and physical care for girls and women living with FGM and referral programs for them. The paired sample t-test carried showed a significant increase in knowledge among participants in psychosexual and physical care for girls and women living with FGM (f=9.25, df=1, P=.001), Psychosexual skills (f=-8.20, df=1, P=.001), and FGM victims referral Programs (t=12.95, df=1, P=.001). Follow-up test also showed that these changes were constant from post-test to follow-up.
Conclusions: Preparing the social workers on the integration of physical and psychosocial care for girls and women living with FGM in their existing activities would equip them in providing holistic care for them in addressing the emerging psychosexual problems.